PHYSIOLOGY AND PSYCHOLOGY OF AGING, HEALTH, AND PLACE page 4 Example: In their classic paper introducing the idea of ‘successful aging’, Rowe and Kahn (1987) argue that, “The effects of the aging process [age-associated cognitive and physiologic deficits] itself have been exaggerated, and the modifying effects of diet, exercise, personal habits, and psychosocial factors underestimated” (Rowe and Kahn 1987, 143). Example: Morgan and Kunkel’s book, Aging: The Social Context reports, “In fact, research shows that some of the changes we think of as normal are modifiable, preventable, and related to socially influenced lifestyle choices and cultural practices” (Morgan and Kunkel 2001, 4). Example: Timiras’ (2007)
Physiological Basis of Aging and Geriatrics describes, “As we consider the many cross-cultural differences that greatly influence aging, factors such as diet, exercise, drugs, and psychosocial environment should not be underestimated as potential moderators of the aging process. Taking these elements into account, the prospects for avoidance, or eventual reversal, of functional loss with age are vastly improved, and the risks of disability and disease are reduced. Successful or healthy aging in certain functions is a demonstration that aging may occur with little loss of function” (Timiras 2007, 27).