Basic Psychological Processes-Defined Megan Anderson-School Psychologist Keely Swartzer-Special Education Coordinator


BASIC PSYCHOLOGICAL PROCESSES LINKED WITH DISABILITIES (Research Terminology)



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BASIC PSYCHOLOGICAL PROCESSES LINKED WITH DISABILITIES (Research Terminology)

Ortho/morphographic processing

  • Morphographic:
    • Refers to the meaningful units of language. It allows for the processing of parts of words as chunks that carry meaning such as roots, prefixes, and suffixes. It is required but not sufficient to select the appropriate meaning given a word with multiple meanings. It also can convey tense, part of speech, etc. Phonology and orthography are precursors to morphology and required to make continued progress in developing reading skills when phonological awareness and orthography have been mastered. Early language delays that were resolved with phonological interventions or speech and language services may re-emerge in later years due to lack of proficiency with morphology
    • May also be referred to as: morphological processing
  • Orthographic:
    • Refers to the system of marks that make up printed words. The ability to recognize and reconstruct spelling patterns quickly and accurately represent orthographic processing. Students may have good phonemic awareness skills (manipulation of sounds and symbols), yet lack the requisite orthographic processing abilities to spell and read quickly and accurately.
    • May also be referred to as: orthographic processing

Definition derived from: Berninger , V. and Richards, T. (2002). Brain literacy for educators. Academic Press. San Diego, CA. and Wallach, G. P. (2007). Language Intervention for School-Age Students: Setting Goals for Academic Success. Mosby Elsevier Health Sciences.



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