Optimism; lot; Life Attitude; Positive Psychology; Syrian students



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Life Orientation (optimism)





r













LOT













1

2

3

LOT

























1.Confidence in future

.328**




















2.Preference about life


.282**













.412**







3.Thought pattern

.202*













.105

.156




*: p < .05; **: p < .01, ***: p < .001

Conclusion

In order to maintain life satisfaction one need to develop a positive attitude towards life and to incorporate optimism to live a happy and healthy life which in turn enhances psychological well-being. Optimism- disposition of an individual's expectation for good events- Contributes significantly to predict psychological well-being. In this study it is needed to examine to understand Syrian students psychological well-being.

Optimism has been defined as "the tendency to believe that one will generally experience good vs. bad outcomes in life" by Scheier and Carver (1985), persons who experience this positive expectancy will also tend to report experiencing positive affect (Carver & Scheier,1990).

This study may help to make universities become aware about importance of psychological intervention program to increase Syrian college students’ optimism level about future.

Appendix A

LOT-R Scale

1. In uncertain times I usually expect the best.

2. It’s easy for me to relax

3. I enjoy my friends a lot.

4. I don’t get upset too easily.

5. I count on good things happening to me and  people around me

Appendix B


Life Attitude Questionnaire

6. After all, my people will go through it successfully.

7. I will be glad to get a Job offer in my homeland in near future

8. It is important to love what you are doing

9. Some people are doomed to live an unhappy life.

References:

Agarwal, A., Tripathi, K.K., & Srivastava, M. (1983). Psychological implications of time perspective. International Journal of Psychology, 18, 367-380.

Carver, C. S., & Scheier, M. F. (1990). Origins and functions of positive and negative

affect: A control-process view. Psychological Review, 97, 19–35

Carver C. S., Scheier M. F., & Segerstrom S. C. (2010). Optimism. Clinical Psychology Review, 30, 879-889.

Dubey, A. & Agarwal, A. (2004). Feeling well inspite of chronic disease. Psychological Studies, 49(1), 63-68.

Horowitz, M., Adler, N., & Kegeles, S. (1988). A scale for measuring the occurrence of Positive states of mind: A Preliminary report. Psychosomatic Medicine, 50, 477-483.

Nelson DB, McMahon K, Joffe M, Brensinger C, (2003) . The effect of depressive symptoms and optimism on the risk of spontaneous abortion among intercity women. Journal of Women’s Health.;12(6):569–576.

Scheier, M.F. & Carver, C.S. (1992). Effects of optimism on psychological and physical well-being: Theoretical overview and empirical update. Special issue on cognitive perspectives in health psychology. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 16 (2), 201-228.


Scheier, M. F., & Carver, C. S. (1985). Optimism, coping and health: Assessment and

implications of generalized outcome expectancies. Health Psychology, 4, 219-247.


Scheier, M. F., Carver, C. S. and Bridges, M. W.( 1994). Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): A re-evaluation of the Life Orientation Test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67: 1063–1078.


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