Survival Strategies The choice of survival strategies determines the specific nature of stress responses and their particular adaptive and maladaptive biological, psychological and social ripples. The variety of survival strategies and their various ripple effects across the three dimensions, determine the great variety and complexity of traumatic stress responses in disasters. Nevertheless, sense can be made of such responses by orienting them on the triaxial framework and tracing them back to specific survival strategies evoked in the context of traumatic events. Specific survival strategies are fight, flight, rescue/caretaking, attachment, assertiveness/goal achievement, adaptation/goal surrender, competition and co-operation. The table in Appendix B indicates how survival strategies may be used to classify adaptive and maladaptive biological, psychological and social responses in disasters.