Given the complexity and variety of psychological responses to disasters there can be no simplistic pro-forma model for assessment. Assessors whole person as well as specialist skills must be available to communications from affected people. The following modes are available for assessments. Verbal and nonverbal means of communication are assessed within each mode. Nonverbal means include facial expressions, postures, body language and artistic expressions. Telling the disaster story. People are facilitated to tell their stories fully and in their own words. Stories are filled in from other social systems, such as communities reporting about individuals and vice versa. Assessments are non-judgemental, yet take into account defensive distortions. For instance, parents and teachers often underestimate children’s distress, while people may project their own distress on others. In such cases they may say that their neighbours are worse off than themselves.