Preventive interventions are described in this section in the different disaster phases. When internal networks, adaptive responses and preventive measures are insufficient to prevent occurrence of stress and trauma, the goal of intervention is their mitigation and promotion of healing. Mitigation includes the preservation of as much biopsychosocial integration and meaningful life as possible, while healing involves finding new integrated, meaningful, self- conscious life paths. The following ingredients apply in all interventions ranging from psychological first aid through various crisis interventions, debriefings, trauma counselling, to clinical therapy. Different techniques use different weightings of the following ingredients. • Recognition includes of who or what group is affected in what way, how and why. It involves diagnosis of inappropriate current responses and beliefs which may make sense when traced back to their biological, psychological and social survival response origins in the disaster context. Recognition thus includes assessments made in section 5.