Counselling provides a relationship in which the affected persons’ disaster experiences are able to be examined in detail together with other issues in their lives in order to assist them to understand the effects the experiences have had and the meaning they have given them. It can then provide them with an alternative set of understandings. This may also extend to other aspects of the recovery process, such as the impact of change and stress on relationships, personal identity and values. Counselling involves a structured relationship which is provided by someone trained to understand the nature of the difficulties the person is presenting and can anticipate the needs and the methods necessary to assist them. Most crisis counselling is focussed on some specific aspects of the crisis situation and seeks to provide immediate remedies.