Psychology and Aging Preferences for Choice Across Adulthood: Age Trajectories and Potential Mechanisms


Behavioral Choice Preferences and Information



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Behavioral Choice Preferences and Information

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Consistent with our hypotheses, older adults desired significantly fewer choices in the behavioral decision task (
M

7.0,
SD

4.3) than younger adults (
M

10.2,
SD

5.6),
t
(109)

3.34,
p

.005. Following previous research (fora review, see
Mata & Nunes, 2010), we calculated the extent of information search based on the proportion of cells viewed in the grid.
5
Older adults viewed significantly less information (
M

0.47,
SD

0.28) than younger adults (
M

0.63,
SD

0.25),
t
(107)

3.05,
p

.005. Choice set size preferences for the behavioral task were significantly correlated with information viewed (
␳ ⫽
.24,
p

.05)
and with average self-reported choice preferences across the 12 We observed the same pattern of results when information search was assessed in terms of raw number of cells viewed.



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