Psychology of learning


Types of classical conditioning



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Types of classical conditioning


Forward conditioning
: Learning is fastest in forward conditioning. During forward conditioning the onset of the conditioned stimulus CS) precedes the onset of the unconditioned stimulus (US. Two common forms of forward conditioning are delay and trace conditioning.

Delay conditioning
: In delay, conditioning the conditioned stimulus CS) is presented and is overlapped by the presentation of the unconditioned stimulus (US.

Trace conditioning
: During trace conditioning, the conditioned stimulus (CS) and US do not overlap. Instead, the conditioned stimulus (CS) is presented, a period is allowed to elapse during which no stimuli are presented, and then the unconditioned stimulus (US) is presented. The stimulus-free period is called the
trace interval
. It may also be called the
conditioning interval


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