Psychology of learning


c. Theory of Generalization



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c. Theory of Generalization

This theory was advocated by a Psychologist named Charles Judd. The assumption of the theory is that general principles aid transfer of learning better than segregated facts. This theory believes in Gestalt, an assertion which views learning from a whole or complete form rather than in isolated form. For example, the theory of generalization indicates that a learnt experience should be useful in other day-to -day related activities.
Classroom Implications of Transfer of Learning

1. The teacher should know that transfer of learning will not take place when both the old and new are unrelated. Hence, the teacher should endeavor to teach his/her subject-matter in a more meaningful and detailed way rather than by rote.
2. The teacher should provide the opportunity for his/her students to practice a subject-matter being discussed along with him/her.




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When the learners are allowed to take active part in teaching learning activities, they will be able to repeat the task at another time.
3. Fora transfer of learning to take place, the teacher should always emphasize the relationship that exists between one subject- matter and another.
4. The teacher should endeavor to develop positive attitudes towards a learning task so that the students can be motivated to like the task rather avoiding it.

5. It is believed that what students see, touch, feel or manipulate will be better remembered than the one they are not familiar with. Hence, fora meaningful transfer of learning to take place, the teacher should incorporate exercises that task the various senses of learners in the learning process.



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