Characteristics of Attention • Attention is focusing consciousness on one object. One object is the focus of attention. All other objects are in the margin of attention. (Right now, what is the focus of your attention what objects are in the margin of your attention) • Attention is selective. We choose to attend to one object in preference to others. • Attention is constantly shifting from focus to margin • Attention is a state of preparedness where the muscles and sense organs ready themselves for attending • Attention cannot be divided between two mental tasks.