Psychology of learning

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2. Extrinsic Motivation

Is the external or environmental factor, which sets the individual’s behaviour into motion. The incentive/reinforcer drives an individual’s behaviour towards a goal. A student that is extrinsically motivated will execute an action in order to obtain some reward or avoid some sanctions. For example, a student who read hard for the examination did so because of the desire to obtain better grade. The case also goes fora runner who wants to win a prize, he/she will need constant practice than a person who wants to run for the fun of it. Extrinsic rewards should be used with caution because they have the potential for decreasing exiting intrinsic motivation. For example extrinsic incentive may spur a student to actively participate in the task for which the student has no interest, but may undermine intrinsic and continuing motivation in him/her
(Deci et al, 1985). Therefore, students motivation automatically has to do with the students desire to participate in the learning process. It also concerns the reasons or goals that underlie their involvement or non-involvement in academic activities.

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