7.2.1 Concept of Thinking Thinking is a complex process which involves manipulation of information as we form concepts. It also engages in problem solving, reasoning and making decisions. Thinking is a higher cognitive function and the analysis of thinking processes is part of cognitive psychology. Thinking is a pattern of behaviour in which we make use of internal representations (symbols, signs etc) of things and events for the solution of some specific, purposeful problem. Definitions: Ross: Thinking is a mental activity in its cognitive aspect. Kolesnik: Thinking is the reorganization of concepts. Woodworth: Thinking is mental exploration for finding out the solution of a problem. Characteristics: • It is one of the most important aspects of ones cognitive behavior. • It depends on both – perception and memory. • Thinking is a mental process which starts with a problem and concludes with its solution. • It involves trail and error analysis and synthesis foresight and hindsight. • It is a symbolic behavior. • It is a cognitive activity. • It is always directed to achieve some purpose. • It is different from daydreaming and imagination. • It is a problem-solving behavior. • There is mental exploration instead of motor exploration.