Psychology of learning



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d) Reflective

thinking

Dewey's definition of reflective thinking
Active, persistent, and careful consideration of any belief or supposed form of knowledge in the light of the grounds that support it and the further conclusion to which it tends"
Reflective thinking is normally a slow process. It takes considerable time to work on inferring and combining by reflecting upon what we have learnt





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This is a higher form of thinking.

It aims at solving complex problems.

It requires reorganization of all the relevant experiences and the finding of new ways of reacting to a situation or of removing an obstacle instead of a simple association of experiences or ideas.

There is insightful cognitive approach in reflective thinking.

It takes all the relevant facts arranged in a logical order into account in order to arrive at a solution of the problem in hand.

It links the information we possess into tighter network, thus helps to remember the matter better.

It criticizes what one has learned and tries to expose weaknesses and shortcomings.

Enhancing decision making requires that we learn from our successes and failures and catalog mentally for future retrieval what has occurred and why.




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