1. Which are the different types of thinking 2. Differentiate between convergent and divergent thinking. 3. What do you understand by critical thinking
Unit Structure : 8.0 Objective 8.1 Memory 8.2 Forgetting 8.3 Imagination 8.4 Reasoning 8.5 Let us sum up 8.6 Glossary 8.7 Suggested reading 8.0 OBJECTIVES After going through this unit, you will able to • To gain an insight into the mental processes involving memory, forgetting, imagination and reasoning. 8.1 MEMORY
It is said education is a lifelong process and we are learning all the time. But simply learning without being able to repeat that in another situation or occasion is of no use. Thus we must be able to make use of past experiences. We must be able to reproduce it. This power of reproduction is known as memory, or the ability to retain and recall the past events to present consciousness. This implies that memory is the reproduction of past experience even without the presence of the stimulus.
Guilford: Memory is the retention or storage of information in any form. Woodworth & Marquis Memory consists in learning what was previously learned.
95 Ryburn: The power that we have to store our experience and to bring them back into the field of consciousness sometime after the experience have occurred is termed as memory. F’iedsetal: Memory is the ability to retain & reproduce impressions once perceived Memory is the special ability of our mind to store when we learn something to recollect reproduce it after sometime. Memory is the complex process involving learning, retention, recall & recognition. The experiences which we undergo, leaves traces in our minds in the form of ‘Schemas’. The length of our retention depends on the strength & quality of the traces.