Psychology of learning

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E. Mnemonic Devices

: Grouping always helps to memorize easily, thus we learn poetry easily compared to prose, but many material come without such natural grouping. Thus artificial associations are made to associate the ideas or the material. Thus memory which is improved by use of artificial associates is called Mnemonics. Thus things are learnt verbatim without understanding it .e.g. VIBGYOR whose letters represent the colours of the rainbow.
The process of learning involves the stage of retention thus learning becomes permanent. Retention is the inactive state of learnt activity. The learning activity leaves a mark on the brain structure. This mark is called a Memory Trace which is imprinted on the Cerebral Cortex. This preservation of the memory trace in the brain is retaining of the learning activity. This can be compared to the traces or marks in the sand e.g. our footprints made on the sand. The deeper the trace, the longer the retention, the weak traces slowly fades away. Memory can be improved, but the depth of the trace or retention is difficult to improve by practice the reason being the traces that are made, depend on the genetic inheritance. Retention however can be measured in three ways a) Recall b) Recognition & c) Relearning. ab Recall Method:

A direct method of testing retention, where the capacity to recall & reproduce is tested. We can recall matter, only if we have retained it. e.g. in a writing a test the pupil’s retention & recall is tested. But sometimes we are notable to recall, even when we know the matter. So we cannot measure the retention. Therefore this is the poorest retention score of all that is learnt. b)

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