Psychology of learning

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Recognition Method

: This method is widely used now. A response given from which the pupil has to pick out the correct answer or recognize the correct answer. This ability of

recognizing the correct answer helps measure the power of retention. This has a higher score of testing retention than recall method & also puts less strain on the child e.g. multiple choice questions, or questions based on a picture or map. c)
Relearning Method
: Lets give an example ABC is learning along poem & it takes him 20 minutes & 4 trials to memorize it. After a few days ABC again learns the poem & now in 10 minutes & two trials he learns it fully. Thus we can assume that retention has taken place because the time & the number of trials have reduced. Thus this method is the best compared to recognition & recall methods.
The third aspect of memory is recall. We learn because we need to recall them at some point of time or other. So we can say that recall is the mental revival of past experiences. The least index of retention because we are unable to remember even though we know it. Recall depends on the mental condition & the memory trace formed.

– Recall & recognition are closely related. Recall provides the material in memory, while recognition is the process of accepting or rejecting. Recognition is better than recall as an index of retention. Recognition starts with the object given whereas recalls find the object from the mind. Thus, when we meet a person, recognize that person’s face, but may not be able to recall his name. Recognition is more a passive behavior than an active process like recall.

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