Psychology of learning


Process of Group Dynamics -



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12.2.2 Process of Group Dynamics -


Argyle (1969) categorized 4 stages in the life of a group forming storming norming performing

Heron (1989) identified a fifth stage
Mourning / Adjourning

Forming
- This is when a group first gets together. People tend to find out about each other, consider purposes, brainstorm ideas and possible structures for tasks and consider their own roles within the group. This is usually a very sociable time in the life of the group.

Storming
- As the group begins to settle in and individuals get to know each other, they may start competing for status and role in the group. Disagreements occur and where some members may try to assert strong opinions or leadership tactics, others may withdraw. If tensions are not mutually dealt with at this stage, they tend to disrupt group communication and activity, and most importantly, mutual respect for the roles of members. To reach stages (c) and (d) conflicts need to be resolved.

Norming
- After the more tense stage of storming, the group usually begins to settle as members have found a common approach to the task that all agree upon or accept (this is where unsettled conflicts can be problematic as they will probably reoccur later. Action plans begin to emerge and people find space to begin working on tasks.

Performing
- This is the stage when the group achieves optimum efficiency and work gets done. At this stage it is important to know the teamwork strategies you are working with

(Sharples, 1999: 71) that will best utilize the expertise of each member. It is also useful be aware of time spent on each task through a log or diary, so that possible conflicts do not reoccur.




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