Psychology of learning

The Principles of Growth and Development

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3.2.2 The Principles of Growth and Development

Following are the fundamental principles of growth and development.
(i) Development follows a pattern or a sequence:
Development tends to proceed from the head downward. This is called the
cephalocaudal principle.
According to this principle, the child first gains control of the head, then the arms,

then the legs. Infants gain control of head and face movements within the first two months afterbirth. In the next few months, they are able to lift themselves up using their arms. By 6 to 12 months of age, infants start to gain leg control and maybe able to crawl, stand, or walk. Development also proceeds from the center of the body outward according to the

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