Whatever the direction of the changes maybe, learning brings progressive changes in the behaviour of an individual. That is why he is able to adjust to changing situations. e. Learning is active: Learning does not take place without a purpose and self-activity. In any teaching learning process, the activity of the learner counts more than the activity of a teacher. f. Learning is goal directed: when the aim and purpose of learning is clear, an individual learns immediately. It is the purpose or goal, which determines what, the learner sees in the learning situations and how he acts. If there is no purpose or goal learning can hardly be seen.