Psychology of learning

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Learning theories

have two chief values according to Hill (2002). One is in providing us with vocabulary and a conceptual framework for interpreting the examples of learning that we observe. The other is in suggesting whereto look for solutions to practical problems. The theories do not give us solutions, but they do direct our attention to those variables that are crucial in finding solutions. The three main categories or philosophical frameworks under which learning theories fall are behavioural, cognitive, and constructivism. Behaviourism focuses only on the objectively observable aspects of learning. Cognitive theories look beyond behaviour to explain brain-based learning. In addition, constructivism views learning as a process in which the learner actively constructs or builds new ideas or concepts.

We will discuss the behavioural theories under two broad categories SR theories.

(Stimulus-Response) theory with reinforcement o E.L Thorndike- Trial and Error theory o BF Skinner-
Operant Conditioning

(Stimulus-Response) theory without reinforcement o Pavlov- Classical Conditioning

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