with primary care. There is signiﬁcant geographic variation in distribution in the behavioral health workforce including psychologists (Miller et al., 2014). Approximately 29% of primary care physicians have psychologists co-located in their practices while 43% have any behavioral health provider in their setting. Miller et al., 2014). As rurality increases, the percentage of primary care physicians co-located with a behavioral health provider decreases, with a sharper decline for psychologists. However, proximity is not always indicative of collaboration, and the fact that providers are within close proximity to each other does not necessarily mean they are interacting clinically or sharing patients. There is currently no data which shows a true count of integrated, collaborating practices.