Physical activity can be improved through screening programmes, counselling and interventions (e.g. prescribing exercise); by providing affordable physical activity opportunities (e.g. subsidised leisure centres); and by designing the built environment to maximise opportunities for walking and cycling (Kohl et al., 2012).
The rates of falls in the population can be reduced through exercise interventions, home safety assessment and modification programmes, and reducing inappropriate prescribing of psychotropic medication (Gillespie et al., 2009).
Integrated disease management programmes, which involve co-ordinated multi-disciplinary care, have been found to improve health outcomes or quality of life across several chronic conditions, including diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and heart failure (Martínez-González, Berchtold, Ullman, Busato, & Egger, 2014).
Interventions involving cognitive stimulation, such as memory training, mental stimulation and mental compensation strategies can improve neural plasticity, which in boosts cognitive reserve and helps to maintain or improve cognitive functioning (Cruz-Jentoft et al., 2009)
The National Carer’s Strategy outlines a number of policies to support carer health and wellbeing, including income supports, respite services, and enabling carers to maintain participation in employment or training.