Teamwork cannot occur in the absence of a clearly defined team. Therefore, improving upon an existing—or designing a new—team structure is the first step in implementing a teamwork system in any environment.
Organizational researchers have long focused on the value of teams as a unit of task work, with leadership serving as a means for improving employee performance and attitudes. It is important to first understand the structure of teams to learn how to promote teamwork and create a climate conducive to effective team functioning. Such a climate is based on a commitment to collaboration, mutual accountability, acknowledgment, recognition, and professional respect.