Variations in psychological attributes



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VARIATIONS IN PSYCHOLOGICAL ATTRIBUTES .

CLASS XII

CHAPTER ONE

INTELLIGENCE

WHAT IS INTELLIGENCE ?

The ability to think abstractly

  • Plan
  • Gather information
  • Understand complex ideas
  • Solve problems
  • Reason
  • Adapt effectively to the environment

  • Overcome obstacles

    Learn from experience

    Adapt to a novel situation

INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCE

  • Difference -: variations are common within and across all species (colour , nature , values, beliefs, interests, likes, attitudes ).
  • Variations are of two types- (i) physical
  • (ii) psychological

  • individual differences refers to distinctiveness and variations among peoples characteristics and behaviour patterns .
  • personal traits situational factors
  • influence’s behaviour

ASSESSMENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL ATTRIBUTES

Psychological attributes - : reaction time , happiness, ( difficult to assess these psychological attributes )

  • Assessment is the first step in understanding these attributes
  • It refers to the measurement of psychological attributes and their evaluation by using multiple methods in terms of comparison.
  • It uses systematic testing procedures to evaluate abilities , behaviours , and personal qualities of individuals .
  • These assessments can be (i) formal (ii) informal



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