Who am i meant to be? In search of a psychological account of autism, from the viewpoint of an ‘insider’



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Monotropism

  • Murray et al. (2005) argue that the central core feature in autism refers to an atypical strategy being employed in the distribution of attention.
  • Monotropism suggests that the amount of attention available to an individual at any one time is necessarily limited, as can be found amongst numerous cognitive studies.
  • Murray et al. (2005) propose that strategies for the way attention is used is normally distributed, and to a large degree genetically determined, between those with a broad use of attention, and those who concentrate attention on a small number of ‘interests’ (likened to the difference between a dissipated ‘diffused light’ and a ‘torch beam’).



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