Who am i meant to be? In search of a psychological account of autism, from the viewpoint of an ‘insider’



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Critique

  • Eisenmajer and Prior (1991) suggested that task failure could be due to difficulties with language or memory.
  • DeGelder (1987) - failure to complete such tasks could be due to a lack of motivation to deceive.
  • Nazeer (2006) – failure may be due to test anxiety and second guessing examiners, having already given an ‘incorrect response’ to the initial part of the experiment.
  • Rogers et al. (2003) – difference between the ability to ascertain the feelings of others and the development of empathy once these feelings are known about.
  • Happe (1994a) - 20% of autistic children consistently pass theory of mind tests, questioning the universality of this ‘deficit’ and thus its role as a ‘core feature’.



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