Mottron et al. (1999), Baron-Cohen (2008), Lawson (2010) - autistic people are able to process the ‘whole picture’. Autistic people are able to process the larger letter, yet have a tendency to be drawn to the smaller.
Lawson (2010) – this is particularly the case when that which is being processed is within an autistic person’s attention and interest system.
Empathising-systemising (E-S) theory
Baron-Cohen (2008) argued that alongside ‘delays and deficits’ in empathy, the strengths found amongst autistic people could be explained by an intact or even superior skill in ‘systemising’.
Refers to the drive to analyse and construct ‘systems’.
Reinterprets autistic traits as a result of intelligent behaviour rather than with reference to a damaged cognitive system.
Regarded as a ‘cognitive style’ - highly purposeful in discovering the ultimate understanding of how a system operates.
The E-S theory of autism has also been extended to the ‘extreme male brain’ theory of autism (Baron-Cohen, 2008).